Qiimaha baytarigu waa la dhimay dhawaan

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Adduunyadu waa wada faa'iido;dunidu waa isku buuqsan tahay, dhammaan waa faa'iido."

Dhinaca kale, tamarta qoraxda waa mid aan la koobi karin. Dhanka kale, habka soo saarida tamarta qoraxda waa mid deegaan ahaan saaxiibtinimo iyo wasakh la'aan. Sidaa darteed, koronto-soo-saarka sawir-qaadista ayaa ah mid ka mid ah hababka ugu habboon ee tamarta mustaqbalka.

Nooc kasta oo ka mid ah dariiqa soo saarista tamarta si loo cabbiro ama xitaa loo noqdo mid guud, waa in lagu xidhaa internetka.

Si kastaba ha noqotee, saldhigyada korantadu ma samayn doonaan ganacsi khasaare ah, koronto-dhaliyaha sawir-qaadista kuma tiirsanaan karo kabka dawladda ee "Internetka", hoos u dhigista kharashkooda ayaa ah furaha.

Noofambar 30, saamiyada Longji waxay hagaajiyeen oraahda rasmiga ah ee waferka silikoonka monocrystalline, iyo qiimaha cabbir kasta oo wafer silikoon ah ayaa hoos u dhacay 0.41 yuan ilaa ~ 0.67 yuan / kiniin, hoos uga dhacay 7.2% ilaa 9.8%.

Bishii Disembar 2, saamiyada Central waxay ku dhawaaqeen in qiimaha wafer silikoon si buuxda loo jaray,

Qiimaha xajmi kasta oo wafer silikoon ah ayaa lagu dhimay 0.52 yuan ilaa 0.72 yuan / gabal, ama 6.04% ilaa 12.48%.

Qiimaha dhimista wafer silikoon ayaa kicisay wareeg cusub oo dood ah oo ku saabsan macquulnimada sawir-qaadista.Whale Flying Whale wuxuu halkan u joogaa inuu dib u habeeyo silsiladda warshadaha voltakta iyo ganacsiyada la xidhiidha, iyo si loo ogaado jihada mustaqbalka iyo macquulka ah ee sawirkavoltaic adiga.

Photovoltaic, taas oo ah, photoraw volt. Sawir-qaadista korantada sawir-qaadista waxaa loola jeedaa hab cusub oo koronto koronto ah si loogu beddelo tamarta qorraxda tamarta korontada.Qaybta ugu muhiimsan ee tignoolajiyadani waa unugyada cadceedda.Unugyada qorraxdu waxay sameeyaan aag ballaaran oo ka mid ah qaybaha unugyada cadceedda, ugu dambeyntiina waxay la shaqeeyaan korantada si ay u sameeyaan qalab sawir-qaadis ah.

Kordhinta silsiladda warshadaha sawir-qaadista waa soo-saareyaasha qalabka wafer-ka silikoon.

Silicon Crystal, Silicon amorphous, GaAs, InP, iwm, ayaa loo isticmaali karaa sida qalabka unugyada cadceedda.

Jiilka tamarta sawir-qaadista ee Crystal silicon hadda waa habka ugu muhiimsan ee tamarta qoraxda, silicon crystal waxaa ka mid ah polysilicon iyo monocrystalline silicon.Monocrystalline silicon silikoon waxtarka beddelka batteriga iyo xasilloonida, laakiin qiimaha sare;Batari polysilicon qiimo jaban, laakiin waxtarka beddelidda liidata.

Horumarinta joogtada ah ee tignoolajiyada silikoonka monocrystalline, saamiga suuqa ee silikon monocrystalline ayaa dhaaftay 90% sanadka 2020, iyada oo garatay beddelka dheeriga ah ee polysilicon ee suuqa wafer silikoon.

Shahaadada fiirsashada warshadaha polysilicon waa mid aad u sareysa, iyadoo shirkadaha hormuudka ka ah ay ka mid yihiin GCL-Poly, Tongwei Yongxiang, Xintai Energy, Xinjiang Daquan iyo Oriental Hope. Warshadaha silicon monocrystalline waxay soo bandhigaan qaab tartan oligarchy ah oo laba jibaaran, shirkadaha ugu horreeyana waa Longji Shares iyo saamiyada Zhonghuan .

Meesha dhexe ee silsiladda warshadaha sawir-qaadista ayaa ah inta badan unugyada qoraxda iyo soosaarayaasha moduleka sawir-qaadista.

Unugyada Photovoltaic waxaa inta badan loo qaybiyaa unugyo silikoon crystalline ah iyo unugyo khafiif ah. unugyada marka la eego waxtarka beddelidda.

Unugyada Silicon Crystal waa unugyada photovoltaic-ka caadiga ah ee hadda jira, iyo unugyo khafiif ah ayaa u adeega sidii kabitaan muhiim u ah unugyada sawir-qaadista.

Sannadka 2019, isku-dhafka wax-soo-saarka unugyada qorraxda ee caalamiga ah, unugyada silikoon ee crystalline waxay xisaabiyeen 95.37%, unug-fudud-dhuubanna waxay xisaabiyeen 4.63%.

Ka mid ah baytariyada filimka khafiifka ah, wax ku oolnimada beddelka ee CIGS batteriga filimka khafiifka ah ayaa si degdeg ah u fiicnaaday sannadihii la soo dhaafay.Shirkadaha Shiinaha ee ku lug leh CIGS batteriga filimka khafiifka ah waxaa ka mid ah Hanergy, China Building Materials Kaisheng Technology, Shenhua iyo Jinjiang Group.

Marka la barbar dhigo korka sare, qaabka tartanka suuqa unugyada sawir-qaadista waa mid aad u kala firdhisan. Sannadka 2019, shanta magaalo ee ugu sarreeya warshadaha waxay ahaayeen 27.4%, kuwaas oo saamiyada Tongwei ay lahaayeen saamiga suuqa caalamiga ah ee 10.1%, taasoo ka dhigaysa sawirka ugu weyn adduunka. soo saaraha unugyada.

Module Photovoltaic oo hogaaminaya ayaa leh saamiyada Jinko, JA iyo Longji. Sannadihii ugu dambeeyay, saamiga suuqa ee modules-ka sawir-qaadista ayaa dardargeliyay shirkadaha hormuudka ah, iyo faa'iidooyinka qiimaha isdhexgalka iyo isdhexgalka ayaa caan ah.

Laga soo bilaabo 2011 ilaa 2020, awoodda sawir-qaadista cusub ee lagu rakibay Shiinaha iyo adduunka ayaa sii waday inay koraan.Waxaa la filayaa in awoodda cusub ee sawir-qaadista ee caalamiga ah ee lagu rakibay ay gaari doonto 300GW 2025. Awoodda sawir-qaadista cusub ee Shiinaha ee lagu rakibay waxay xisaabin doontaa 35% saamiga caalamiga ah, iyada oo heerka kobaca sanadlaha ah ee isku dhafan uu ka yara hooseeyo celceliska caalamiga ah.

Bloomberg (Bloomberg) ayaa soo warisay in qiimaha laydhka cadceedda uu bilaabay in uu hoos u dhaco sanadkan, halka Shiinuhu uu joojiyay ilaa 20 megawatts ee awooda cadceedda gudaha bishan.

Natiijadu waa wax-soo-saarka caalamiga ah, qiimuhuna hadda si degdeg ah ayuu hoos u dhacayaa.

Shiinaha, oo ah suuqa ugu weyn adduunka ee qorraxda, ayaa joojiyay mashruucyo cusub oo leh awood koronto oo u dhiganta 20 warshadood oo tamarta Nukliyeerka ah.

Kani waa suuqa iibsadaha sababtoo ah soo-saarka baaleelada cadceedda oo si xad dhaaf ah u soo galay caalamka, halka kuwa horumariya wadamada kale ay dib u dhigayaan wax iibsiga, iyagoo sugaya qiimo jaban.

Celcelis ahaan qiimaha qaybaha polysilicon ayaa hoos u dhacay 4.79% ilaa Maajo 30, hoos u dhacay Arbacadii ilaa rikoor hoose oo ah 27.8 senti watt, marka loo eego PVInsights.

Waxay noqon doontaa hoos u dhacii ugu weynaa bishii December 2016, markii ugu dambeysay ee warshaduhu ay wajahaan sahay caalami ah.

Shiinaha ayaa soo saara 70% qalabka cadceedda ee adduunka.


Waqtiga boostada: Dec-20-2021